Waltham: Waltham) is a city located in the central part of Massachusetts, the United States, in the southeastern part of Middlesex County. It is 11 miles (18 km) northwest of central Boston. In the 2010 census, the population was 60,636. Waltham became the center of the early labor movement and greatly contributed to the American industrial revolution. It was the birthplace of the Boston Manufacturing Company, a prototype of industrial city planning in the 19th century, and it created what is called the Waltham-Lowell system of labor and production. It is the center of research and higher education, and the city has Brandeis University and Bentley University.
| Nickname: |
the locations of Middlesex County (Pink) and Waltham City (Red) in Massachusetts
|county||Middle Sex County|
|- Type||Act of the Mayor and the City Government Commission|
|- Mayor||Janet A. McCarthy|
|· Total||13.6mi2 (35.2 km2)|
|· Land||12.7mi2 (32.9 km2)|
|- Water surface||0.9mi2 (2.4 km2)|
|· Density||4,705.4/mi2 (1,816.8/km2)|
|equal time||UTC-5 (Eastern Standard Time)|
|· Daylight saving time||UTC-4 (Eastern Daylight Time)|
|Postal code|| |
|area code||339 / 781|
|GNIS feature ID||0612400|
Because Waltham had a strong relationship with the clock industry, it is usually called 'the city of clocks.' In 1854, Waltham Watch Company established a factory in the city and became the first company to make a clock on the assembly line. In 1876, he won a gold medal at the 100th Anniversary Exhibition in Philadelphia. The company produced more than 35 million wristwatches, watches, and tools, but they closed down in 1957.
pronunciation of the city name
The city name is accented to the first syllable, the second syllable is pronounced as a full vowel, [w l θm] "wall-tham', but Waltham's second syllable becomes a weakened vowel (Sour) and is pronounced/wkθm/.
Waltham usually pronounced in English, but his pronunciation changed when the factory workers moved from Nova Scotia. The local pronunciation became a pronunciation which could accommodate French speakers who could not pronounce English.
Waltham was colonized as a part of Watertown in 1634 and officially incorporated as a separate town in 1738.
In the early 19th century, Francis Cabot Lowell and his friends established the Boston Manufacturing Company in Waltham. This was the first integrated textile factory in Japan.
There are many large-scale mansions in the city, including the Gore Place, a residence built by the former Massachusetts Governor Christopher Gore in 1806, the Robert Treat Pain Estate, designed by the architect Henry Hobson Richardson and the landscape architect Frederick Law Olmstead for philanthropist Robert Treat Jr. (1810-1905), and the large-scale mann estate built by Theodore Reyman, a Boston merchant, in 1793.
In 1857, the American Watch Company produced a watch called Waltham Model 1857. From the latter half of the 19th century to the early 20th century, Waltham had Mets, a maker of brass-era automobiles, and the first motorcycle was produced in Japan.
Walter E. Furnard State School is located in the city. This school is the oldest school in the western hemisphere, built with public funds for persons with developmental disabilities. The history of the facility's stories and discussions has been local, and sometimes it has been reported in the national media.
Waltham was latitude 42 degrees 22 minutes 50 seconds north and longitude 71 degrees 14 minutes 6 seconds west and latitude 42.38056 degrees north and longitude 71.23500 degrees west/ 42.38056;(42.380596, -71.235005). It is about 11 miles northwest of central Boston City (18 km), and about 3 miles northwest of the Brighton area in Boston (5 km).
It runs along the Charles River and has several dams. These dams provided power to textile factories and so on in the early stages of industrialization.
According to the National Census Bureau, the entire area of the city is 13.6 square miles (35 km2), of which land is 12.7 square miles (33 km2), water area is 0.9 square miles (2.3 km 2), and water area is 6.69%.
Waltham City has the following areas and villages:
- angle side
- Bacs Square
- The Breecheli
- cedar wood
- The Chemistry (formerly named Newton Chemical Company)
- garden crest
- The Highlands
- The Island (former Morse Meadow)
- Kendall Green (mostly in Weston)
- Lake View
- The Lanes
- North East
- The North Side
- Pioneer Corner
- Prospect Building (abolished in 1894, now the bottom of the Cambridge reservoir)
- Ravens Wood
- lock array
- The Southside
- West End
The west of Waltham borders Weston-cho and Lincoln-cho, the south borders Newton City, the east borders Belmont-cho and Watertown, and the north borders Lexington Town.
|* = population estimate. Source: United States Census records and Population Estimates Program data|
The following is demographic data from the 2000 census.
Households and family (number of households)
income and family
As of 2010, 24% of the population was born outside the United States. There are many people from Guatemala and India.
The government of Waltham adopts the Mayor and City Council system. As of 2014, the mayor is Janet A. McCarthy. The Municipal Government Commission, which consists of 15 members, will be elected in a non-partisan election for two years. In 2014, the chairman was Robert J. Waddick.
The city of Waltham belongs to the fifth constituency in Massachusetts, a member of the United States House of Representatives, and in 2014 it has sent Catherine Clark, the Democratic Party.
|Constitution of registered voters and party support as of October 15, 2008|
|political party||registered voter||constituent ratio|
|Democratic Party of Japan||12,770||36.13%|
The city is guarded by 153 full-time fire fighters at the Waltham Fire Department on July 365, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Established in 1816, it is now organized into three categories: fire fighting, fire prevention and training. There are six garrisons in the city and they move six fire engines, two ladder carriages and so on. 8,000 or more calls a year.
The Waltham Public School District has six elementary schools, two middle schools and one high school (Waltham High School).
- Chapel Hill Seung Sea Hall School
- Gun Academy
- Our Ladies Academy (pre-kindergarten to eighth grade)
- St. Jude School (pre-kindergarten to eighth grade)
- Carol School
- Milestones Day School (12th grade from kindergarten)
higher education institution
- Bentley University
- Brandeis University
- University of Boston Digital Art Center
Waltham-based companies include Raytheon, a Commonwealth Financial Network of the defense industry, a broker dealer, the Student Universe, a technology company, the Center for Education and Development, Inc., and the marketing company's constant contacts. Retail is concentrated on the main streets, Moody, Lexington, River, part of State Route 60 and the First Avenue. A new shopping facility on the main street has been completed. New developments are taking place at the site where the former Polaroid company used to be.
According to the city's 2010 Comprehensive Financial Report, the city's major employers are as follows:
|rank||employer||number of employees|
|1||Bank of America||660|
|6||AM-FM Cleaning Corporation||800|
|7||Nova Biomedical Corporation||800|
|10||Paeksel International Corporation||500|
The Interstate Expressway Route 95 runs near Waltham City and is also a state road Route 128. Interstate Highway 90, also called Massachusetts Turnpike, runs through Newton City in the south. With its proximity to the Cambridge Boston Quincy metropolitan area, many states are within a few miles.
The Massachusetts Bay Transportation Bureau's commuter line has two stops at the Fitzburg Boston Line. It's near Central Square Waltham Station, across the city hall, and Brandeis University.
Many bus routes of the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Bureau also run in the city.
The Charles River runs through the city, with bicycle lanes and sidewalks on most of the south coast and from Prospect Street on the north coast. Some commuters use this road in Cambridge and Boston.
In the city, a weekly newspaper called "Waltham News Tribune" is published every Friday. WCAC-TV broadcasts a local program. Waltham is sometimes treated in the Western version of the Boston Globe paper (Globe West). South Street has an FM radio station.
With Waltham's population, parks, public transportation, stores and trails in the city, Waltham is ranked 62nd in the 100 cities to address the issue of the "walkscore.com."
The downtown Moody Street is a combination of various stores, restaurants, bars, and Embassy Cinema to provide a unique entertainment aspect. Night life on Moody's Street, convenience in commuting and affordable rent are attracting young professionals, and the population has been increasing in recent years. It is also called 'restaurant street' because of the number, variety and quality of restaurants.
For more than 25 years, the Waltham Art Committee has sponsored the "Waltham Common Concert", which plays different music for free every summer week. Founded and organized by Steven Kilgore, Kilgore died in 2004.
Waltham's cultural life is enriched by two universities and many art organizations.
The history of the city is celebrated by many museums, monuments, and ancient archives. The Charles River Industrial Museum, the Waltham Watch Factory Historic Area, Gore Estate, Lyman Estate, and Robert Treat Pain Estate are well known among 109 locations in the city designated as the National Register of Historic Places of the United States. Many festivals are held every year in these places, and in Goa Estate, for example, there is a mowing festival for sheep. The Northeast District Branch of the National Archives of America is in the city. The Waltham Public Library has a wide range of documents about the city's history. The Waltham Museum is used only in the history of the city.
The Waltham Mills Artists Association is one of the former factories of the Boston Manufacturing Company. The open studio is held every year on the first weekend of November. Seventy-six artists from the association have opened the house and studio to the public. Works of all possible materials are displayed, displayed, and discussed.
The Waltham Philharmonic Orchestra is a Citizens Symphony Orchestra in the Metrowest area, started in 1985 under the supervision of local musicians David J. Tierney and Harold W. Maxwayne Jr. The mission is to have 60 professional, semi-professional and amateur musicians work and give the community the opportunity to participate in and play at the highest quality classical concert. Musicians come from Waltham, Boston and neighboring towns. There are a wide range of ages and occupations.
There are five or six concerts per season, and some of the winners of the young Concerto appear in the Young Concerto, which provides young musicians with the opportunity to play a symphony and solo. A summer concert and a holiday pop in December are also held in the Common.
The city also has a Waltham Symphony Orchestra. It's a high-level semi-professional citizen orchestra. Five concerts are given every season at Kennedy Junior High School Public Hall. The music director is Patrick Botty, a French-born conductor. The Waltham Land Trust protects the space remaining in the city.
The diversity of festivals also represents the ethnic diversity. The annual Latinos en action festival celebrates the inhabitants of Puerto Rico, Mexico, Peru and Guatemala. Latinos In Action, a local non-profit organization that helps Latino residents register for the right to vote, understand the law and get scholarships. There are parades, music, meals and beauty contests at the festival.
In recent years, the number of residents from Uganda is estimated to be 1,500, and it has become the center of Ugandan culture, so it is sometimes called 'Little Kanpala.' The Uganda North American Association has its headquarters in Waltham, and there are the St. Peter's Church in Boston, Uganda, and the Caribbean where Uganda eats. The Ugandan immigrant Wilberforce Katerega has established Waltham College Uganda and has become more than 300 boarding schools orphaned by AIDS. The school was named after the new home of Katraga.
- Gore Place
- Lyman Estate
- Robert Treat
- Charles River Industry Museum
- the second highest place in the area after Prospect Hill and Blue Hills
- Charles River - Riverwalk on Moody Street
- embassy cinema
- A. Warehousing
- Rose Museum
- Metropolitan State Hospital
- Norambega Tower
well known native
- Aerosmith-Rock band debuted from the Boston area in the 1970s and there was a studio called Warehouse in Waltham
- Nathaniel Banks - Northern Army General during the Civil War, 24th Governor of Massachusetts, President of the United States House of Representatives
- McKenzie Bernado - NFL American football player Dallas Cowboys
- Susan Brockman-Romance writers
- Abbey Hoffman - writer, radical political activist, founder of the Youth International Party
- Dina Custer-Marathon Wins Bronze at Athens Olympics
- Angelo Mosca - Canadian Football League players
- Evelyn Sears - Women's Tennis Player Wins US Open
- Carol Spiny-Voice Actor Big Bird and Oscar on Sesame Street
- Antoine Walker - NBA Basketball player, former captain of Boston Celtics
- ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. July 28, 2012: It was read.
- ^ "Brief History: American Waltham Watch Company". Renaissance Watch Repair. July 28, 2012: It was read.
- ^ "Waltham, Massachusetts pronunciation guide". Waltham Community Guide. July 28, 2012: It was read.
- ^ "Massachusetts City and Town Incorporation and Settlement Dates". Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Read on May 6, 2009.
- ^ "WALTHAM - Truly a Unique and Historical City". Waltham Museum. July 28, 2012: It was read.
- ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau (February 12, 2011). On April 23, 2011:
- ^ "Guide to Waltham Neighborhoods". Waltham-community.org (September 1, 2010). Read on January 24, 2011.
- ^ Guide to Waltham Neighborhoods. Waltham-community.org (2010-09-01). Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ 1950 Census of Population. 1: Number of Inhabitants. Bureau of the Census. (1952). Section 6, Pages 21-7 through 21-09, Massachusetts Table 4. Population of Urban Places of 10,000 or more from Earliest Census to 1920July 12, 2011. ...
- ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Read on January 31, 2008.
- ^ "Waltham city, Massachusetts - Fact Sheet - American FactFinder". Factfinder.census.gov. Read on January 24, 2011.
- ^ Sacchetti, Maria. "A melting pot stretches out to the suburbs." Boston Globe. September 15, 2010. p. 1 (Archive). Retrieved on September 23, 2014.
- ^ http://www.city.waltham.ma.us/mayors-office Retrieved 2014/1/15
- ^ City Council
- ^ http://www.sec.state.ma.us/ele/ele14/state_election_cand_14.htm Retrieved 2014/11/15
- ^ "(PDF)". Massachusetts Elections Division. Read on May 8, 2010.
- ^ Fire Department | Waltham. City.waltham.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ About Us | Waltham. City.waltham.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ WFD History | Waltham. City.waltham.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ Fire Suppression | Waltham. City.waltham.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ Waltham Public Schools Home Page. City.waltham.ma.us. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
- ^ Saint Jude School
- ^ http://www.bostonglobe.com/metro/regionals/west/2013/10/02/construction-resumes-former-polaroid-site-but-not-market-basket-supermarket/nvmSHaJz2DDjMwVgvUmpyO/story.html
- ^ (PDF). July 17, 2014: It was read.
- ^ discoverwaltham Retrieved 2010/04/06
- ^ http://www.walthamarts.org/ Retrieved 2010/04/06
- ^ www.wphil.org Retrieved 2010/04/06
- ^ walthamsymphony Retrieved 2010/04/06
- ^ Waltham Land Trust Retrieved 2010/04/06
- ^ Burge, Kathleen (August 20, 2009). "'Little Kampala'". The Boston Globe
- ^ Aerosmith; Davis, Stephen (1997), Walk This Way: The Autobiography of Aerosmith, HarperCollins, p. 244http://books.google.com/books?id=SrQWbvG_oE0C&lpg=PP1&dq=walk%20this%20way&pg=PA244#v=snippet&q=wherehouse&f=false January 24, 2012
- ^ Vital Records of Waltham, Massachusetts, to the year 1850, Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, (1904), p. 12http://www.archive.org/stream/vitalrecordsofwa00walt#page/12/mode/1up January 24, 2012.
- ^ "Mackenzy Bernadeau, Carolina Panthers, NFL Football", CBSSports.comJanuary 24, 2012.
- ^ Kiritsy, Laura (November 12, 2007). "Author donates book profits to MassEquality". EDGE BostonJuly 27, 2010.
- ^ Raskin, Jonah (1998), For the Hell of It: The Life and Times of Abbie Hoffman, University of California Press, ISBN 978-0-520-21379-1January 26, 2012.
- ^ "Deena Kastor", usatf.org (USA Track & Field) http://www.usatf.org/athletes/bios/Kastor_Deena.asp 26-January 2012.
- ^ McRae, Earl (1978-01-07), "Alias King Kong - The Twilight Years of Angelo Mosca", Toronto StarJanuary 26, 2012.
- ^ "Wimbledon winner, Petra Kvitova's left handed shots overpower Sharpova", BudCollinsTennis.com, (July 2, 2011)January 29, 2012.
- ^ Lord, Jennifer (November 3, 2004), "How to get to Sesame Street: Meet Big Bird, Waltham's Caroll Spinney, at event honoring television's fine-feathered friend", Dedham TranscriptJanuary 29, 2012.
- ^ Woollard, Deirdre (November 2, 2010), "Antoine Walker Facing Foreclosure", Luxist.com29-Jan-2012.
- 1871 Atlas of Massachusetts. by Wall & Gray.Map of Massachusetts. Map of Middlesex County.
- History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts, Volume 1 (A-H), Volume 2 (L-W) compiled by Samuel Adams Drake, published 1879 and 1880. 572 and 505 pages. Waltham article by Alexander Starbuck in volume 2 pages 407-433.
- D. Hamilton Hurd, ed (1890). "Chapters XLV-LII: Waltham". History of Middlesex County, Massachusetts. III. J. W. Lewis & Co. pp. 700-759
- City Directory. 1882.
- Business Directory. 1898.
- Waltham official website - Official Site
- Bentley University
- Brandeis University
- The Center for Digital Imaging Arts at Boston University
- Discover Waltham
- Waltham Archives Wikispace
- Waltham Arts Council
- WCAC-TV - Waltham Community Access Corporation
- Waltham Community website
- Waltham News Tribune / Wicked Local Waltham (published by GateHouse Media of Perinton, New York)
- Waltham Museum
- Waltham Patch (published by AOL Inc.)
- Waltham Philharmonic Orchestra web site
- Waltham Symphony Orchestra official web site
- Boy Scout Troop 250 Waltham
- Chapel Hill-Chauncy Hall School
- Our Lady's Academy (formally Our Lady Comforter of the Afflicted School) (Pre-K through 8)
- Saint Jude School (K through 8)
- Carroll School
- Milestones day school (K through 12)
- The Wikisource contains the following text:
- . Encyclopædia Britannica (English) (11th ed.). 1911.
- The New Student's Reference Work/Waltham, Mass.
- The Encyclopedia Americana (1920)/Waltham
- Collier's New Encyclopedia (1921)/Waltham